LMICs: Resources for COVID-19

Category:
March 24, 2020

The following page lists a number of useful online resources. It is intended as a resource for health workers working in low to middle income countries.

Link NCA Nutrition Causal Analysis

The Link NCA Nutrition Causal Analysis has been published in collaboration with IrishAid, Action Against Hunger, Concern Worldwide, Oxfam, Tearfund and WaterAid. 

This article highlights the role of access to water and sanitation in undernutrition causality. 

If you would like to read the full report please click on the link below: 

https://globalhealth.ie/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/2020-ACF-Liberia-Link-NCA.pdf

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Balancing Human Rights and Competing Priorities in the Global COVID-19 Response

https://globalhealth.ie/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/Global-Health-Balancing-Human-Rights-V7-1.pdf

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Coronavirus: Guidance for Better Mental Health

With the current coronavirus pandemic, many who live with depression are struggling to stay afloat during mandated or self isolation.

Rehab4Addiction has created resources which can be one of many stepping stones for those struggling and their loved ones to better understand their situation and lead them to find a safe and supportive environment, especially during the pandemic. To find out more please visit their website: 

https://www.rehab4addiction.co.uk/coronavirus/mental-health-coronavirus 

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Will the Higher-Income Country Blueprint for COVID-19 wortk in LMICs

https://globalhealth.ie/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/Will-the-Higher-Income-Country-Blueprint-for-COVID-19-work-in-LMICs.pdf

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The impact of COVID-19 and strategies for mitigation and suppression in low- and middle-income countries

https://globalhealth.ie/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/science.abc0035.full-3.pdf 

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Better Evidence at Ariadne Labs provides free access to UpToDate®

 Better Evidence at Ariadne Labs provides free access to UpToDate®, the world’s leading evidence-based clinical resource, to practitioners serving vulnerable communities around the world. Ariadne Labs is a public health joint health system innovation center at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. The project has provided digital access to 20,000+ qualified health professionals in more than 120 countries. 

FIND OUT MORE HERE

UpToDate is providing free access to COVID-19 resources and tools, including access to the COVID-19 clinical topic cards. FIND IT HERE 

For free access to the entire UpToDate tool, please check if you qualify for the Better Evidence-UpToDate donation program by CLICKING HERE

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UN: COVID-19 in Africa: Protecting Lives and Economies

Anywhere between 300,000 and 3.3 million African people could lose their lives as a direct result of COVID-19, depending on the intervention measures taken to stop the spread.

Africa is particularly susceptible because 56 per cent of the urban population is concentrated in overcrowded and poorly serviced slum dwellings (excluding North Africa) and only 34 per cent of the households have access to basic hand washing facilities. In all, 71 per cent of Africa’s workforce is informally employed, and most of those cannot work from home. Close to 40 per cent of children under 5 years of age in Africa are undernourished. Of all the continents Africa has the highest prevalence of certain underlying conditions, like tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS. With lower ratios of hospital beds and health professionals to its population than other regions, high dependency on imports for its medicinal and pharmaceutical products, weak legal identity systems for direct benefit transfers, and weak economies that are unable to sustain health and lockdown costs, the continent is vulnerable.

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New WHO estimates 7th May

“Up to 190 000 people could die of COVID-19 in Africa if not controlled”

The new estimates are based on modifying the risk of transmission and disease severity by variables specific to each country in order to adjust for the unique nature of the region.

The model predicts the observed slower rate of transmission, lower age of people with severe disease and lower mortality rates compared to what is seen in the most affected countries in the rest of the world.

This is largely driven by social and environmental factors slowing the transmission, and a younger population that has benefitted from the control of communicable diseases such as HIV and tuberculosis to reduce possible vulnerabilities

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Evidence Aid Research Summaries for COVID-19

Date: Friday May 22 – 2020

Date: Wednesday, May 20 – 2020

Date: Friday, May 15 – 2020

Date: Wednesday, May 13 – 2020

Date: Friday, May 8 – 2020

Date: Wednesday, April 29 – 2020

Date: Friday, April 24 – 2020

Date: Monday, April 20 – 2020

Date: Wednesday, April 16 – 2020

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Better Evidence at Ariadne Labs

Better Evidence helps health care providers deliver better care on the front lines. With Better Evidence, providers serving vulnerable populations can access essential digital tools to improve the efficiency, effectiveness, and quality of care.

Better Evidence at Ariadne Labs provides free access to UpToDate, the world’s leading evidence-based clinical resource, to practitioners serving vulnerable communities around the world. Ariadne Labs is a public health joint health system innovation center at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. The project has provided digital access to 20,000+ qualified health professionals in more than 120 countries. 

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WHO: COVID-19 and Food Safety – Guidance for Food Businesses

This document provides guidance on: 

  • Potential transmission of COVID-19 via food
  • Awareness of COVID-19 symptoms
  • Preventing the spread of COVID19 in the work environment
  • Use of disposable gloves
  • Physical distancing in the work environment
  • COVID-19 illness in the workplace
  • ETC

Download full WHO Guideline Document HERE

Available in the Following other Languages:

French
Spanish
Russian
Arabic

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Relief Web: Secondary impacts/Gender Implications of COVID-19 Reports

COVID-19 Aftershocks: Secondary impacts threaten more children’s lives than disease itself

FIND FULL REPORT

FIND ABSTRACT

 

Gender Implications of Covid-19 Outbreaks in Development and Humanitarian Settings

FIND FULL REPORT

FIND EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

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The potential effects of widespread community transmission of SARS-CoV-2 infection in the WHO African Region: a predictive model

“The spread of SARS-CoV-2 has been unprecedented in its speed and effects. Interruption of its transmission to prevent widespread community transmission is critical because its effects go beyond the number of COVID-19 cases and deaths and affect the health system capacity to provide other essential services. Highlighting the implications of such a situation, the
predictions presented here are derived using a Markov Chain Model, with the transition states and country-specific probabilities derived based on currently available knowledge. The results predict a high risk of exposure in states of small size.

The needed mitigation measures would significantly strain health system capacities particularly for secondary and tertiary services, while many cases may pass undetected in primary care facilities due to weak diagnostic capacity and non-specific symptoms. The effect of avoiding widespread and sustained community transmission of SARS-CoV-2 is significant, and most likely outweigh any costs of preventing such a scenario. Effective containment measures should be promoted in all countries to best manage the COVID-19 pandemic.”

READ FULL DOCUMENT

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Potential Impact of COVID-19 Response on TB in High-Burden Countries: A Modelling Analysis

Developed by Stop TB Partnership in collaboration with Imperial College, Avenir Health, Johns Hopkins University and USAID

The global response to COVID-19 has slowed the spread of the virus for now but is continuing to cause serious, short and longer term, disruptions to the programmes for other major diseases. For tuberculosis (TB) in particular, lockdowns on society are already showing signs of severely curtailing diagnosis and notifications (1) and potentially the availability of drugs (2).

A modelling study was therefore developed, to address the following
questions:

  • What is the potential impact of short-term lockdowns on TB incidence and mortality over the next 5 years, in high-burden countries?
  • Following the lockdown, how can countries best accelerate the restoration of their TB control, to bring TB burden back under control?

FIND FULL REPORT

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Imperial College COVID-19 response team Reports on impacts of COVID-19 on diseases in LMICs

Report 18: The potential public health impact of COVID-19 on
malaria in Africa

READ FULL REPORT

Report 19: The Potential Impact of the COVID-19 Epidemic on HIV,
TB and Malaria in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

READ FULL REPORT

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GENERAL INFORMATION

  • K4D COVID-19 Health Evidence Summaries K4D is publishing these daily Health Evidence Summaries to signpost DFID and other UK government departments to the latest relevant evidence and discourse on COVID-19 to inform and support their response.

  • Evidence to inform the COVID-19 response: Collection of HPP papers – London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine has made critical articles regarding COVID-19 freely accessible.
  • EvidenceAid COVID-19 Collection: Evidence Aid has compiled a list of reliable resources about COVID-19 in addition to multiple translation. There is 4 main categories:
    1. Clinical Characterisation and Management
    2. Health System and Services
    3. Infection Prevention and Control, including Health Care Worker’s Protection
    4. Public Health Interventions
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DSA Ireland’s COVID19 Resource Repository

DSA Ireland’s COVID-19 Resource Repository is a dedicated space for pooling and sharing knowledge, experience and expertise about the impact of COVID-19 on the developing world, approaches to contain it and offset its impacts. 

To find Opinion Pieces, DSA Open Calls or Weblinks to other resources available online across the sector and development studies community:

CLICK HERE

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LMIC Journal Articles

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K4D COVID-19 Health Evidence Summaries

K4D is publishing these daily Health Evidence Summaries to signpost DFID and other UK government departments to the latest relevant evidence and discourse on COVID-19 to inform and support their response.

TO SEE ALL HEALTH EVIDENCE SUMMARIES

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AFEM Emergency care of COVID-19 in Adults in LMICs

African Federation for Emergency Medicine

The purpose of this document is to provide clinical guidance to clinicians working in a low resource setting during the COVID-19 pandemic. This is the first edition of guidance on clinical management of adult patients with  confirmed or suspected infection with SARS-CoV-2, based on current knowledge and experience with urgent management of acute respiratory distress.

ACCESS DOCUMENT

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COURSES & WEBINARS FOR HEALTHCARE WORKERS IN LMICs

TrustLaw COVID-19 Webinar

The TrustLaw COVID-19 Resource Hub brings together resources from around the globe on the legal implications of COVID-19. We include links to helpful information for non-profit and social enterprises that are navigating the challenges of the ongoing pandemic.

TrustLaw is running a series of webinars for non-profits and social enterprises. Attendees will have the opportunity to receive practical guidance directly from lawyers on legal issues arising from the pandemic. Topics may include employment issues, contractual rights and force majeure, insurance, GDPR, governance, and others. 

IGHN selected webinars:

  1. Employment & COVID-19 in Bangladesh
  2. Guidance on COVID-19 in India
  3. CARES Act & COVID-19 in USA

TO FIND OUT MORE

The Big Rethink: Discussions on Cities After COVID-19

Premiering Tuesday, April 7th and running for eight consecutive weeks, these live virtual discussions bring together leading global experts to examine the longer-term implications of the Covid-19 crisis.

TO FIND OUT MORE

GTAM Webinar Series: Supporting nutrition practitioners in COVID-19 context

The Global Technical Assistance Mechanism for Nutrition (GTAM) and partners are hosting a series of webinars to support practitioners with IYCF-E, wasting and nutrition information systems in the COVID-19 context.

Protecting, promoting and supporting IYCF during the COVID-19 pandemic: reflections and recommendation: Recording and slides available here

Child wasting programming in response and preparation to the COVID-19 pandemic: experiences from the field: Recording and slides available here

For Webinars available in French and Spanish, CLICK HERE

Columbia University School of Professional Studies Webinar: “Health & Human Rights in the Era of Covid-19: What Are the Ethical Issues?”

This online panel discussion centred on human rights and the ethical questions emerging in the COVID-19 emergency.

FIND RECORDING HERE

Responding to Covid-19: The Situation in Africa -LIVE WEB CONFERENCE

An African European Parliamentarians Initiative (AEPI) Event.
Tuesday, 21st April 2020, 9.30am to 11am (UTC+1)

View Invitation 
View Full Recorded Webinar 

Clinical Care Severe Acute Respiratory Infection 

This course includes content on clinical management of patients with a severe acute respiratory infection.

It is intended for clinicians who are working in intensive care units (ICUs) in low and middle-income countries and managing adult and pediatric patients with severe forms of acute respiratory infection (SARI), including severe pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), sepsis and septic shock. 

Course duration: Approximately 10 hours.

Certificates: There are no certificates available at this time.

Access the English Courses HERE

The course is now available in:

    • French
    • Russian
    • Coming soon: Indonesian, Portuguese, Spanish, Vietnamese

WEBINAR SERIES: COVID-19 & HUMANITARIAN SETTINGS

The READY Initiative, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), the Centre for Humanitarian Health at Johns Hopkins University and the Centre of Education and Research in Humanitarian Action are hosting a weekly webinar series on COVID-19 and humanitarian settings. The webinars will take place on Wednesdays from 8–9am EST (1pm-2pm GMT+1).

Webinar Subjects Include:

  • COVID-19 – Can we really learn from past outbreaks?;
  • Epidemiology of COVID-19 and Programme Implications;
  • Mental Health Considerations for Health Workers and Beneficiaries;
  • Ethical Considerations for COVID-19 Response Planning;
  • Health Facility Checklists;
  • Implementing Nutrition Programs;
  • Delivering Treatment in Humanitarian Settings;
  • Social Behavior Change in the Time of COVID;
  • WASH and IPC.

FIND OUT MORE HERE

WEBINAR SERIES: TRANSFORMING CARE FOR SMALL & SICK NEWBORNS

Organised by WHO and UNICEF

Join the discussion with leading experts on neonatal health in this webinar series, every two weeks, Wednesday 6th of May until August.
They will present findings of the Survive and Thrive: transforming care for every small and sick newborn report, share country experiences in improving
quality of care for newborns, and introduce the World Health Organization’s new standards of care for small and sick newborns.

Morning and afternoon sessions offered.

FIND OUT MORE

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Guidelines on Dead Body Management

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has produced a guideline on dead body management in hospital settings. This includes; standard precautions, training in infection and prevention control, proper removal of the body from isolation room or area, environmental cleaning and disinfectant, handing of a dead body in a mortuary, embalming, autopsies etc. 

To find the full guideline, click here:

COVID19 Guidelines on Dead Body Management

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Revised Guidelines for Dialysis of COVID – 19 patients

The Government of India’s Ministry of Health & Family Welfare have released guidelines for patients on dialysis during COVID-19.

FIND GUIDELINES HERE

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4 Checklists to Prepare for COVID-19 in Low Resource Settings

Using 19 years of medical expertise and drawing on information and resources from around the world, these four checklists were put together by Doctors Worldwide to provide a starting point for local health projects and facilities in low-resourced settings, who are preparing for COVID-19.

  • Checklist 1 – Prepare: Logistically
  • Checklist 2 – Prepare: Medically
  • Checklist 3 – Prepare: Infection Prevention, Control & PPE
  • Checklist 4 – Prepare: Your Community

You can download the checklists HERE

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Tackling COVID-19: Can the African continent play the long game?

An article by Otu, A et al. delves into the question as to whether African health system can respond, what supports and input is needed and the crisis behind the crisis for Africa. 

https://globalhealth.ie/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Covid19andAfrica.pdf 

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Lessons Learned from Other Pandemics

Lessons learnt from the HIV response for COVID-19: Building community resilience

Commentary By Rico Gustav,  Executive Director of Global Network of People Living with HIV

“The pressure COVID-19 has put on the health system clearly illustrates  the need to evolve the traditional health system. To ensure that the health system is able to respond  to an outbreak like this, the engagement of community response to improve health outcomes and maintaining health security become crucial.”

SEE FULL PIECE

FIND OUT MORE ABOUT GNP+

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United Nations: Economic Commission for Africa, COVID-19 Response

Funding Opportunities for LMICs

For all Funding Opportunities, CLICK HERE

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Self-Care and Support for Healthcare Workers and their Managers in Dealing with COVID-19 in Low Resource Settings

A guideline by the HSE to support healthcare workers and their managers in LMIC. This guideline covers key messages for Health care workers including; self care, stay connected; communication. For supervisors and managers, the key messages are support of staff, communication and continuity. 

TO ACCESS GUIDELINES, CLICK HERE

 

Preparing to manage cases of COVID-19 in health facilities in low income
countries. 

FOR KEY MESSAGES DOCUMENT, CLICK HERE

 

Briefing Note on Addressing Mental Health and Psychosocial Aspects of COVID-19 Outbreak – IASC

ACCESS BRIEFING

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Gender-Responsive COVID Resources

In collaboration with CNN, Global Health 50/50 began compiling publicly available sex-disaggregated live data tracker which can be found in the link here. 

Furthermore, Women in Global Health asks for a gender responsive global health security:

  1. Include women in global health security decision making structures and public discourse
  2. Provide health workers, most of whom are women, with safe and decent working conditions
  3. Recognize the value of women’s unpaid care work by including it in the formal labor market and redistributing unpaid family care equally
  4. Adopt a gender-sensitive approach to health security data collection/analysis and response management
  5. Fund women’s movements to unleash capacity to address critical gender issues

To find out more please click on the link here

An article from the IMS,  advocates for media to report on important gender issues in relations to COVID-19. 

Emma Lygnerud Boberg, IMS Gender and Programme Development Advisor states that “Gender sensitive news coverage should never become a side issue– but during a crisis, it is paramount to make it a priority. Otherwise media risk contributing to a deepening of the crisis and of reversing equality gains for women all over the world,” 

To read the full article, click on the link here. 

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Concern Worldwide Health Programming Response – the Do’s and Don’ts 

Concern Worldwide has produced a short guide for staff members and partner’s in LMIC concerning the coronavirus. 

https://globalhealth.ie/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Concern-Health-Responses-to-Coronavirus-DOs-and-DONTs-21.3.20-Final.pdf 

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PREGNANCY GUIDELINES

WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM GENEVA: WEBCAST

COVID-19 in Africa

Locations: Geneva; Congo Brazzaville; Senegal; South Africa

Speakers:

  1. Michel Yao
  2. Dr. Zabulon Yoti
  3. Dr. Matshidiso Moeti
  4. Dr. Lucille Imboua
  5. Dr. Owen Kaluwa

Global Health Officials from several different countries answer submitted questions, covering topics ranging from the apparent slowed/later spread of COVID-19 in Africa, the potential treatment plans for Africa, and health systems response and funding constraints.

WATCH WEBCAST HERE

 

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